Aviation Trivia
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World Helicopters,  from first flights to the latest fastest attack helicopters,  including utility,  heavy lift, blaze fighting, passenger and cargo transport, speed and distance records, the smallest to the largest, accomplishments, history, pictures, specifications, and a guide to scale model radio control helicopters.

The ability to control the maneuvering of world helicopters involves several challenges. Pilots have four primary controls: collective pitch, cyclic pitch, throttle, and tail rotor.

Rather than getting its lift from a wing, like an airplane, the helicopter depends upon rotating blades. The blades are shaped similarly to the wing of an airplane, but their mechanical rotation, rather than the forward movement of the rotorcraft, is what keeps the helicopter flying. The advantage of having rotating blades is the ability of world helicopters to hover.

Lift in world helicopters varies by the speed at which the rotor is turning, plus the size and shape of the blades which make up the rotors, and the angle at which the blades meet the air. By changing the angle of attack using the collective pitch control, pilots of world helicopters can lift off of the ground and hover.

To maneuver world helicopters, each blade of the rotor is hinged to its hub to provide for up and down movement. When world helicopters are on the ground, without their main rotors turning, the rotors tend to bend downward from the hub. When the rotors are turning, they lift back to a non-drooping position.

As the angle of attack of the main rotor blades increases, the blade will rise on its hinge, thus producing increased lift. The speed of world helicopters can be varied by changing the angle of attack. The effect is to tilt the rotor disk in the direction of desired flight. The cyclic pitch control changes the rotor pitch effecting the angle of attack.

If the world helicopters only have a single set of main rotor blades, the entire fuselage would turn in the opposite direction from which the blades are revolving. A smaller rotor, mounted vertically near the tail of the helicopter, prevents this from happening.

Although complicated to operate, the versatility of world helicopters is invaluable. They are used for numerous tasks which no other vehicles can accommodate. Today's world helicopters are produced with light weight, yet strong and durable composite materials which make them lighter and longer lasting. As the technology of world helicopters advances, they will be able to fly at greater speeds, carry greater payloads, and operate at lower costs.


Agusta A 129 Mangusta First all-weather combat world helicopters used in Europe.

Agusta-Bell AB.212ASW Anti-submarine world helicopters using a P&W Turbo Twin Pac engine.

Bell AH-1 Cobra First dedicated attack world helicopter sever built.

Bell AH-1Z Viper Latest USMC attack world helicopters.

Denel AH-2 Attack world helicopters designed and built in South Africa.

Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne One of the fastest world helicopters.

Boeing AH-64 Apache The primary United States Army attack world helicopters.

Bell Airwolf From a tv show. A helicopter that could fly at supersonic speeds.

Aerospatiale Alouette II World helicopters known for their high altitude operations and precise handling.

Aerospatiale Alouette III  Larger, more powerful, higher flying world helicopters successor to the Alouette II

Aerospatiale AS 332 Super Puma   Larger, more powerful world helicopters verison of the Puma, used for off shore oil rig and VIP transport.

Aerospatiale AS 350 Ecureuil Popular TV news world helicopters sold in 43 countries around the world.

Eurocopter AS 355 Relatively small, inexpensive, solid performing utility world helicopters.

Eurocopter AS 532 Cougar Versatile medium size world helicopters used in military and civil aviation around the world.

Agusta Westland AW109 Grand Holds the world helicopters speed record for circumnavigating the earth.

Agusta Westland AW139 Medium size utility world helicopters used by companies and governments throughout the world.

Agusta Westland AW609 Latest tiltrotor world helicopters that should start deliveries to clients in 2016.

Brantly B-2 Popular two seat light world helicopters produced since 1953.

Bell 205 Civilian version of the widely used military world helicopters.

Bell 206 Jet Ranger First wold helicopters ever to fly around the earth.

Bell 212 Modern twin engine version of the original Huey world helicopters.

Bell 214 Powerful medium size utility world helicopters developed from the UH-1

Bell 214ST Largest of the Bell series of twin engine world helicopters, once used by the Iraq military against Iran.

Bell 222 First U.S. light world helicopters.

Bell 407 Medium light single engine utility world helicopters with four blade main rotor known for its smooth hover.

Bell 412 An improved version of the 212 series world helicopters..

Bristol Belvedere The first British RAF twin engine, tandem rotor world helicopters used as a transport.

MBB/Kawasaki BK 117 German - Japanese joint production world helicopters often used as an air ambulance.

MBB Eurocopter BO 105 The first production world helicopters with a rigid rotor system.

Boeing 234 Civilian transport version of their Chinook world helicopters.

Sikorsky CH-37 Mojave  Twin piston engine U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, and USMC transport assault world helicopters were the largest U.S. military helicopters from from 1953 to 1961.

Boeing CH-46 Sea Knight Main USMC medium world helicopters since 1964.

Boeing CH-47 Chinook Mainstay medium world helicopters for the U.S. Army since 1962.

Sikorsky CH-53 Super Stallion Largest U.S. wold helicopters ever produced.

Sikorsky CH-54/S-64 Sky Crane Holds the current FAI altitude load carrying record for world helicopters.

Columbia 107   Civilian world helicopters version of the CH-46 Sea Knight.
Eurocopter Dauphin Popular twin engine, Fenstron equipped, utility world helicopters.

Eurocopter EC 120 Popular low cost light utility world helicopters in use around the world.

Eurocopter EC 135 Said to be the quietest of all the world helicopters.

Eurocopter EC 145 Twin engine, medium world helicopters that are used primarily for emergency rescue.

Eurocopter EC225 Latest in the line of Puma utility world helicopters.

EH Industries EH101 Merlin (now Agusta Westland AW101) Large world helicopters used for ASW, SAR, mine detecting, utility, and as a VIP transport.

Focke Achgelis FA-223 Drach World's first operational transport helicopter.

Flettner FL 282 Kolibri German World War II world helicopters used successfully for reconnaissance by its Navy and for SAR missions by the Luftwaffe.

Focke Wulf FW-61 The world's first fully controllable helicopter.

Compcop G-1 Said to be the world's smallest helicopter, although none have been seen flying.

Aerospatiale Gazelle The world helicopters flown by the British Blue Eagles team.

GEN H-4 Recognized by the Guinness Book of Records as the smallest of the world helicopters.

Sikorsky H-5 Dragonfly The first of the world helicopters dedicated to rescue.

Bell H-13 Sioux First medivac world  helicopters assigned to Korean MASH hospitals.

Piasecki H-21 First ever U.S. helicopter to fly non-stop coast to coast.

Kaman HH-43 Huskie World helicopters used by the U.S.A.F. for SAR and as an air tanker starting in the 1950's.

Sikorsky HH-60G Pave Hawk U.S.A.F. world helicopters used primarily for SAR.

Eurocopter HH-65A Dolphin US Coast Guard SAR world helicopters.

Piasecki HRP-1 The original world helicopters employing tandem rotors.

Hughes 300 The basis for one of the most successful light world helicopters families.

Piasecki HUP Retriever wold helicopters flew with the U.S. Army, Marines, and Navy. Best known for rescuing downed Naval aviators, it was also used as a transport and ASW helicopter.

Kamov Ka-25 Used by Russia for submarine detection, SAR, and as transport world helicopters.

Kamov Ka-26 Utility world helicopters with a wide range of missions, especially agriculture.

Kamov Ka-27 co-axial utility world helicopters.

Kamov Ka-32 Utility world helicopters exported around the world by Russia.

Kamov Ka-50 Black Shark First world helicopters with jet fighter-like ejection seats.

Kaman K-Max  World's first dedicated cargo hauling world helicopters.

MD Helicopters MD 500 Known as a reliable, economical, light world helicopters.

McDonnell MD 520N NOTAR world helicopters.

Boeing MH-47E  All weather special operations version of the Chinook world helicopters used by the U.S. Army.

MH-68A USCG world helicopters used for maritime patrol against drug smugglers.

Mil Mi-2 Hoplite Russian utility design world helicopters, built by PZL in Poland, used by the military armed with air to surface missiles, in agriculture and civil aviation.

Mil Mi-4 Hound Primarily world helicopters used by the Soviet military, they was also used for agriculture and as an air tanker.

Mil Mi-6 Hook Huge Soviet world helicopters, used primarily as a transport.

Mil Mi-8 The most widely used world helicopters, mostly as troop transports.

Mil Mi-12 Largest world helicopters ever built.

Mil Mi-14 Haze Primary anti submarine warfare and search and rescue world helicopters of the Soviet Union.

Mil Mi-17  Workhorse Russian wold helicopters, produced for export, used by military and civil aviation.

Mil Mi-24 Hind Famous Soviet attack world helicopters used extensively in Afghanistan.

Mil Mi-26 Halo Largest and most powerful world helicopters currently in service.

Mil Mi-28 Havoc  World Helicopter gunships for battlefield use against tanks and heavy armor.

Mil Mi-34 Hermit Light weight, highly maneuverable, economical to operate world helicopters used as a military trainer and civil helicopter.

NH Industries NH90 Utility world helicopters built for NATO countries.

Hughes OH-6 Cayuse  Set the still standing world helicopters distance without refueling record of 2,213 miles.

Bell OH-58 Kiowa The first U.S. military world helicopters built with an all glass cockpit.

Sikorsky R-4 Hoverfly  First mass production world's helicopters.

Robinson R22 Simple, inexpensive, reliable, economical, easy to fly, forgiving, all describe these popular light world helicopters.

Robinson R44 Four seat world helicopters version of the R22.

Boeing/Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche Costly experimental stealth world helicopters project that was canceled in 2004.

Schweizer 330 Originally designed as a lightweight U.S. Army training helicopter, they went on to become a popular utility world helicopters.

Sikorsky S-55 First U.S. Army dedicated transport world helicopters.

Sikorsky S-58 Chocktaw   Versatile 18 seat world helicopters used by the U.S. military, and later exported throughout the world.

Sikorsky S-61 Sea King Official world helicopters of U.S. president designated Marine One, also used for S&R, oil platform supply and passenger transport.

Sikorsky S-62 Seaguard Single turbine engine world helicopters used for SAR by the U.S.C.G. from 1963 through 1989.

Sikorsky S-70 Civilian Black Hawk world helicopters.

Sikorsky S-76 Spirit High performance civil executive transport world helicopters.

Sikorsky S-92 Mid size, twin engine, single rotor world helicopters used by the military and in civil aviation, most notably as a utility transport and for SAR.

Aerospatiale SA-315 Lama Hold's the helicopter altitude record.

Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon The largest production European world helicopters.

Aerospatiale SA 330 Puma The first all-weather world helicopters to be produced outside of the Soviet Union.

Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk Twin turbine powered world helicopters primarily used by the U.S.N. for ASW, SAR, mine sweeping, and anti-shipping duties.

Atlas Rooivalk Advanced armed attack world helicopters built in South Africa.

Kaman SH-2 Seasprite U.S. Navy world helicopters used primarily for anti-submarine warfare.

Enstrom Shark   Successful light piston engine world helicopters used for training, transport and agriculture.

Bell Super Cobra Improved twin engine version of the original Cobra world helicopters.

Bristol Sycamore First British produced world helicopters certified as air-worthy. Used for SAR and air ambulence by the military.

Eurocopter Tiger Battlefield wold helicopters of Europe.

Bell UH-1 Huey Well known as the primary Vietnam transport world helicopters.

Bell UH-1Y The latest in the line of the most widely produced world helicopters in the West today.

Hiller UH-12 Raven Light U.S.world helicopters that pioneered the "rotor-matic" control system.

Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk Primary United States Army transport world helicopters of today.

American Eurocopter UH-72 Lakota Newest U.S. Army light utility world helicopters.

Boeing Bell V-22 Osprey Tilt rotor aircraft, lifting off as a helicopter and flying with the speed of an airplane.

Westland Scout Light weight observation and anti-tank world helicopters used by the British Army through 1994.

PZL Swidnik W-3 Sokol Twin turbine engine middle weight military and civilian transport wold helicoptera, built in Poland.

Westland Wasp Primary English Royal Navy ASW and SAR world helicopters used through 1965.

Westland Wessex version of the Sikorsky H-34 built in Great Britain, used as a ASW and tactical support world helicopters.

Westland Whirlwind The first English Royal Navy world helicopters used for ASW missions from 1957 through 1977.

Sikorsky X2 The fastest rotorcraft in the world.

Westland ZB-500 Lynx The official world helicopters speed record holder.

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