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Fokker Eindecker


Specifications
       Primary Function:
       Crew:
       Engine:
       Power
       Length:
       Wingspan:
       Weight Empty:
       Max. Weight:
       Machine Gun:
       Cruise Speed:
       Max. Speed:
       Climb Rate:
       Ceiling:
       Range:
       First Flight:
       Year Deployed:
fighter
one
Oberursel U.1
100 hp
23' 11"
30' 10"
882 lbs.
1,345 lbs.
1x 7.92 mm
65 mph
87 mph
500 fpm
11,500 feet
100 miles
5/23/1915
1915







Fokker Eindecker

The Fokker Eindecker was the first monoplane fighter aircraft and the first aircraft to have a gun fire through its propeller arc.  The aircraft used an interrupter gear that allowed bullets from a fixed machine gun  to be fired safely between the turning blades of its propeller. That gave its pilots a great advantage over other aircraft not so equipped.  Those pilots had to maneuver their aircraft into a firing position and then aim their moving machine guns manually.  The interrupter gear synchronized the machine gun of the Eindecker with the propeller blades so that once the pilot pointed the aircraft at its target, the gun was also pointed at it.

Other than its synchronized machine gun, the Eindecker was not an advanced aircraft.  It used wing warping, rather than ailerons, for lateral control. It was not faster or more maneuverable than most of its adversaries. Its ability to bring down large numbers of enemy aircraft was due to its unique propeller interrupter gear.

It was on August 1, 1915 that the legendary German ace Max Immelmann achieved his first air combat victory, and the first air combat victory for an Eindecker. Royal Flying Corps dreaded the Eindecker when it gained notoriety. The introduction of the Eindecker was the beginning of a period of German air supremacy over the Western Front known as the "Fokker Scourge". The Eindecker, with its synchronized machine gun, gave pilots like Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke a number of victories that made them national heroes as well as well known fighter aces.

In spite of this, for various reasons, the Eindecker never fulfilled its potential. German paranoia about their "secret" weapon falling into enemy hands meant that the German government would not permit the use of the aircraft outside of Germany. Also, the Fokker Eindecker was generally flown as an escort for two seat aircraft. Production problems also limited the number deployed to no more than 100.

As Eindecker pilots learned how to use the aircraft to their advantage, they began operating in groups of four aircraft. Also, an organized ground control system guided them to enemy positions. Even with the limitations placed upon them, a small number of Eindecker aircraft had effectively removed the enemy's ability to carry out reconnaissance missions. At the same time, just two Eindecker aircraft assigned to the Eastern Front were able to keep the Imperial Russian Air Service at bay. Eindecker's are said to have downed a total of over 1,000 enemy aircraft.

The Eindecker evolved from the E.1 to the E.4 series, all with progressively more powerful engines than earlier series aircraft, and some with an additional machine gun. Eventually Allied aircraft were equipped with interrupter gears, and the "Fokker Scourge" came to an end, as Eindecker aircraft were slowly replaced during 1916. A total of 416 Eindecker aircraft of all types were produced.



Fokker Eindecker

GWS Fokker Eindecker (Slow Stick) ARF park flyer wingspan is 46", and length is 37 1/2". Includes geared 300 size motor. All up weight is 15 oz.


Fokker Eindecker

Pictured above and immediately below is the Fokker Eindecker by Tom Pfarr. It is built from a kit from SR Batteries. Wingspan is 100". It is made from balsawood and ply. Recommended power can come from a Zenoah G-26 engine or an AXI 4130/20 motor. It weighs about 16 1/2 lbs.


Fokker Eindecker


Fokker Eindecker

The Fokker Eindecker from Aerodrome has a wingspan of 66". Aerodrome has a short kit and plans for it. Suggested power is by an AXI 2820 motor. All up weight is around 6 lbs.

Aerodrome also has a 44" wingspan Fokker Eindecker that takes an AXI 2208 motor.

There are numerous Fokker Eindecker models sold under the name "stick" as shown in the first picture above. To make them into Fokker Eindecker airplanes, all you need are the proper decals. Here are more that you can check out:

E-flite has a Fokker Eindecker (Ultra Stick 25e) for electric power. It has a 50" wingspan. Motors can be a Power 25 or 32

Hangar 9 has a Fokker Eindecker (Super Stick) ARF for sale.It has a 52" wingspan, and is propelled by .40 to .46 two cycle or .56 to .82 four cycle engines.

Also from Hangar 9 is the Fokker Eindecker (Ultra Stick. Wingspan is 58", length is 51", engines can be from .40 to .46 two cycle or .56 to .82 four cycle. Weight is about 5 1/2 lbs.

E-flite has a Fokker Eindecker (Mini Ultra Stick) with a 38 3/4" wingspan that needs either a Park 400 or 450 motor.

Balsa USA has a Fokker Eindecker kit. It builds to a 60" wingspan and a length of 42 1/2", and uses bass wood, plywood, and balsawood in its construction. For power you will need .40 to .46 two cycle engines or .45 to .61 four cycle engines. Upon completion it should weigh around 5 1/2 lbs.

Proctor has a Fokker Eindecker museum scale kit. Wingspan is 100" and length is 70". Proctor recommends a minimum 1.50 four cycle engine. Weight should be between 15 and 20 lbs.

Dare Hobbies has a Fokker Eindecker kit. It has a wingspan of 45".  Fuselage length is 33". Dare recommends a Speed 400 size motor.

Super Flying has a Fokker Eindecker. It has a 33.5" wingspan and a 25.5" length.  All foam is used in the construction.  It comes with a geared Speed 300 motor.

3 Sea Bees Models has a Fokker Eindecker kit with a 71" wingspan.  The fuselage measures 54" in length.  To power it you will need a .46 to .62 two cycle or .60 to .90 four cycle engine, or an electric motor.

Kit Cutters has plans of a Fokker Eindecker. Wingspan is 68". It is designed by Morgan/Novack. Suggested power are from .35 to .40 engines. Kits are also available.

The AMA has Fokker Eindecker plans from their Old Time Plans Service. Wingspan is 38". It is for engine power. Plan no. is 24011.

There are plans for a Fokker Eindecker with a 30" wingspan from the AMA. They are from RC Model World under no. 16733.

There are plans for a 91" wingspan Fokker Eindecker from the AMA by Sarpolus. Engine should be 42 cc gas. Plan no. is 00893.

If we have left out your favorite Fokker Eindecker, please email us.